Reading



Ability to Read

Ability to Comprehend

Age

Accuracy

Fluency

Analysis

Understanding

Evaluation

Birth - 11 Months

Enjoys looking at books and other printed material with familiar people


8 - 20 Months

Handles books and printed material with interest


16 - 26 Months

Interested in books and rhymes and may have favourites


20 - 36 Months

Has some favourite stories, rhymes, songs, poems or jingles.


Fills in the missing word or phrase in a known rhyme, story or game, e.g. ‘Humpty Dumpty sat on a …….’

Repeats words or phrases from familiar stories.

30 - 50 Months

Listens to stories with increasing attention and recall.


Shows interest in illustrations and print in books and print in the environment.


Recognises familiar words and signs such as own name and advertising logos.


Looks at books independently


Enjoys rhythmic and rhyming activities.


Shows awareness of rhyme and alliteration.


Recognises rhythm in spoken words.


Listens to and joins in with stories and poems, one-to-one and also in small groups.


Joins in with repeated refrains and anticipates key events and phrases in rhymes and stories.

Understands use of objects (e.g. “What do we use to cut things?”


Shows understanding of prepositions such as ‘under’, ‘on top’ , ‘behind’ by carrying out an action or selecting correct picture.


Responds to simple instructions, e.g. to get or put away an object.


Beginning to be aware of the way stories are structured. describes main story settings, events, and principal characters.


Can say if they like or dislike a story.

40 - 60 Months

Hears and says the initial sounds in words.


Can orally segment the sounds in simple words and orally blend them together and knows which letters represent some of them.


Links sounds to letters, naming and sounding the letters of the alphabet.


Continues a rhyming string. Begins to read words and simple sentences.

Responds to instructions involving a two-part sequence.


Able to follow a story without pictures or props.


Listens to ideas expressed by others in conversation and discussion. Introduces a storyline or narrative into their play.


Extends vocabulary, especially by grouping and naming, exploring the meaning and sounds of new words.


Uses vocabulary and forms of speech that are increasingly influenced by their experiences of books.


Understands humour, e.g. nonsense rhymes, jokes.


Links statements and sticks to a main theme or intention.


Can say if they like or dislike a story.

Early Learning Goal

Children read simple sentences. They use their phonics knowledge to decode regular words and read them aloud accurately.


They also read some common irregular words.

Children understand simple sentences they have read. They demonstrate understanding when talking to others about what they have read.

Age 5-6

Knows how to decode words using phonemic knowledge.


Can read most

common exception words

Reads sentences  fluently


Pauses between sentences to show full stops

Makes accurate observations


Answers simple questions  verbally


Retells familiar stories  including characters and events  


Asks relevant questions

GIves reasons for title of a texts


Makes inferences about characters feelings


makes inferences from characters  actions


Predicts possible  future events

Discusses favourite  parts of text  


Links learning to books they have read


Link events in books to own life


Listens to the views of others

Age 6-7

Knows how to decode words using phonemic knowledge.


Can read high frequency words and

common exception words

adapts reading to match punctuation

!  ?  .


Beginning to self corrects inaccurate word reading


Responds to  texts eg: laughs at funny parts


Answers simple questions  verbally


Answers simple questions  in writing


Retells stories in correct order


Summarises events in a paragraph

recognises common features of stories


recognises common features of nonfiction texts


makes inferences about characters actions and speech


Predicts possible  future events

Discusses favourite  parts of text


Links learning to books they have read


Link events in books to own life


Listens to the views of others

Age 7-8

Knows how to decode words using phonemic knowledge.


Can read

most of must learn words

adapts reading to match punctuation

!  ?  .  ,


Self corrects  inaccurate word reading


Shows awareness of paragraphs

Locates relevant information


Answers simple questions


Suggests meanings of new words


Retells stories including significant events


Summarises events/ main ideas  in a paragraph

Comments on features of stories/ non fiction texts


Understands characters thoughts and feelings


Can give reasons for character’s actions


Predicts future events  based on other stories

Discusses favourite text


Compares  books  stating preferences


Identify common character types


Considers   the views of others

Age 8-9

Reads new phonetically regular words  correctly


Can read all of must learn words

Adapts reading to match punctuation

!  ?  .  ,


Self corrects  when sentence doesn’t make sense


Adapts volume and tone  for  effect.

Locates information

quickly


Uses evidence to answer


Retells stories including significant events.


Summarises events/ key ideas  of a page


Recognises features of genres  and nonfiction texts

Understands characters thoughts and feelings


Can give reasons for characters actions


Predicts future events


Comments on structure of whole text

Discusses favourite text type providing reasons


Makes connections between books events and characters


Makes connections between books  themes


Responds to the views of others

Age 9-10

Reads  new phonetically regular words  correctly


Can read most  of must learn words

adapts reading to match punctuation

!  ?  .  , () : ;


Self corrects  when sentence doesn’t make sense


Adapts volume ,tone and intonation  for  effect.

Locates information

using knowledge of text structure


Uses evidence to answer questions


Asks questions to enhance their own understanding


Prioritises key information and disregards irrelevant when retelling

Can comment on and explain language choices of author


Understands characters actions how these show personality  traits


Differentiates between fact and opinions


Uses knowledge of characters to inform predictions


Comments on structure of whole text

Comments on themes within a genre  eg: horror stories often set at night


Responds  at length to the views of others


Explains preferences giving detailed reasons


Makes connections between books events and own experiences

Age 10-11

Reads  new phonetically regular words  correctly


Can read all   of must learn words


Adapts reading to match punctuation

!  ?  .  , () : ;


Adapts volume ,tone and intonation  for  effect.


Reads ahead to inform  choice s in reading style

Shows clear understanding through verbal responses


Locates information

using knowledge of text structure


Chooses appropriate quotations to support  answers


Summarises text in a variety  of forms

Comments upon mood or atmosphere created  by author choices


Recognises character types and their roles in the text


Differentiates between fact and opinions


Uses knowledge of characters and genre to inform predictions


Comments on structure of whole text


Comments on themes within a genre  eg: horror stories often set at night


Responds  at length to the views of others


Explains preferences giving detailed reasons


Makes connections between books events and own experiences


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